7 Fascinating Facts: Can Birds Eat Cheese? A Comprehensive Guide

A beloved food for many, cheese is a milk-based product that can be found in a multitude of dishes across cultures. From grilled cheese sandwiches to gooey pizza to pasta alfredo, cheese is often added to meals both for its rich flavor and silky texture. This fermented dairy ingredient has become a staple topping, filling, and accent, prized for the delicious qualities it imparts. But what about our feathered friends – can birds eat cheese too?

Should You Feed Cheese to Birds? The Cheesy Truth on Can Birds Eat Cheese

When it comes to birds and cheese, the answer isn’t straightforward. Cheese itself is not toxic to birds and small amounts may be ok as an occasional treat. However, there are some potential risks and downsides to feeding cheese to birds that are important to consider. The key question many bird lovers want to know is: can birds eat cheese safely or not?

Potential Benefits

Here are some of the potential benefits of offering cheese to birds in moderation:

  • Cheese can provide valuable protein to birds, an essential nutrient for developing strong muscles and healthy plumage. Hard, aged cheeses often pack more protein than soft, fresh cheeses. The calcium in many cheeses may also benefit avian bone strength and eggshell quality. However, cheese is not the optimal source of these nutrients for birds compared to their natural diet.
  • Palatability – Birds seem to find the taste and texture of cheese appealing. This may help encourage picky eaters to eat.

Potential Risks

However, there are also some potential risks and downsides to consider when answering the question “can birds eat cheese?”:

  • Weight gain – The high fat content of cheese could lead to unwanted weight gain in pet birds or wild birds that have access to unlimited amounts. Obesity can cause health problems in birds.
  • GI upset – Cheese may be difficult for some birds to digest properly. It could irritate the digestive tract or cause loose droppings.
  • The high sodium levels found in many cheeses could potentially cause health issues if consumed in large quantities by birds. Also, some birds may lack the ability to properly digest lactose, the naturally occurring sugar in dairy products like cheese. Their bodies cannot break down and absorb this milk sugar efficiently. Therefore, lactose intolerance could result in digestive upset and discomfort when birds eat cheese.
  • Milk allergies – Bird allergies to the milk proteins casein and whey are possible. Diarrhea and vomiting could occur.
  • Fatty liver disease – The high fat content of cheese could potentially contribute to fatty liver issues in susceptible birds.
  • decreased motivation to eat other foods – Birds might fill up on cheese rather than eating a balanced diet.

So in summary, while cheese may offer some benefits, it also comes with several potential health risks for birds. Moderation and careful monitoring of the bird’s reaction is advised. The bottom line is that while birds technically can birds eat cheese, it may not be the best choice for their health and diet compared to other options.

Best Cheeses for Birds

Can Birds Eat Cheese

If you do want to share a small piece of cheese with your bird occasionally to answer “can birds eat cheese”, some types are better choices than others:

  • Low-fat cheeses – Try part-skim mozzarella or reduced fat swiss. The lower fat content reduces obesity/liver risks.
  • Fermented cheeses – Go for blue cheese, gouda, parmesan, or cheddar. The fermentation makes the lactose and proteins more digestible.
  • Small amounts – Tiny pieces the size of a pea are plenty for a small bird. Too much can lead to digestive upset.
  • Hard cheeses – Grated hard cheese sprinkled on top of their food works better than soft chunks.
  • Avoid soft cheeses – The high moisture content makes these fast spoiling and prone to bacterial overgrowth dangerous to birds.

The following table summarizes some of the best and worst cheese choices for birds:

Best ChoicesWorst Choices
Low-fat cheddarCream cheese
Part-skim mozzarellaBrie
FetaCottage cheese

Healthy Treats for Birds

Rather than cheese, there are many healthier treat options for birds that come without the potential downsides. So instead of wondering “can birds eat cheese”, it’s better to offer them bird-friendly foods that will be easier for them to digest and provide balanced nutrition.

Fruits and Veggies

Can Birds Eat Cheese

Fruits and vegetables make great bird treats. Some to try include:

  • Chopped grapes or berries
  • Diced apple
  • Shredded greens like kale or spinach
  • Scrambled egg
  • Sweet potato
  • Shelled peas or beans

Bird Treats and Pellets

There are also specialty bird treats and pellets formulated to be nutritionally balanced for birds. Look for options with fruit, vegetables, seeds, nuts, and grains but without dairy, salt, or sugar. These bird-specific foods are a healthier choice compared to wondering “can birds eat cheese” and offering them dairy products.

Nutrient-Packed Add-Ins

Can Birds Eat Cheese

You can also boost the nutritional value of normal bird feed by mixing in a few additions like:

  • Flax or chia seeds – For omega-3 fatty acids
  • Bran cereal – For extra fiber
  • Oats – For B vitamins
  • Calcium powder – For stronger bones and eggshells

Safe Amounts of Cheese for Birds

If you do decide to share a tiny bit of cheese with your bird, follow these portion guidelines:

Pet Birds

For small pet birds like parakeets, cockatiels and parrots:

  • Give no more than a 1/4 inch cube once or twice a week at most
  • Watch for signs of GI upset or diarrhea after feeding cheese
  • Offer cheese only as a rare treat, not a daily food

Backyard Birds

For wild backyard birds that visit feeders, even smaller portions are appropriate:

  • Crumble a 1/4 inch cube into about 8 tiny pieces
  • Sprinkle over their feed, or put out in a separate small dish
  • Limit to once a week for visiting backyard flocks

The key is moderation and monitoring the birds’ reaction if you do choose to offer cheese to answer the question “can birds eat cheese?”. Increase frequency and portion size slowly while looking for any digestive issues. Hungry birds may overeat rich foods like cheese, so keeping amounts small and offerings infrequent is important.

FAQs About Feeding Birds Cheese

Here are answers to some frequently asked questions about whether and how to feed birds cheese:

Is cheese safe for birds?

In small amounts, most cheeses are likely safe for birds. However, there are better options than dairy products for bird treats. Monitor for any signs of digestive upset. While birds technically can birds eat cheese, moderation is key.

What kind of cheese is best for birds?

Limit-fat, fermented hard cheeses like cheddar, swiss, parmesan and gouda tend to be easiest for birds to digest if you choose to give them cheese to answer “can birds eat cheese?”. Soft, high-moisture cheeses pose a higher risk.

Can wild birds eat cheese?

Small amounts of cheese are unlikely to seriously harm backyard birds. But their digestive systems are not adapted to dairy products. They may ignore cheese offered to them or fail to properly digest it if you try to answer “can birds eat cheese?” by feeding it to them.

Do birds like cheese?

Many birds appear to enjoy the taste of salty, fatty cheeses. However, overindulging in rich foods like cheese can lead to health issues over time.

Is cheese a good source of calcium for birds?

While cheese does contain calcium, excess saturated fat and sodium outweigh the potential benefits if you try to answer “can birds eat cheese” as a calcium source. Cuttlebone, grit and calcium supplements are better calcium sources for birds than dairy.


To sum up, most experts caution against feeding too much cheese to birds if you want to answer “can birds eat cheese”. In very small quantities, hard, fermented cheeses like cheddar and parmesan pose minimal risks and may offer some benefits. However, cheese should comprise no more than a trace part of a bird’s overall diet. There are far healthier treat options to provide birds with good nutrition without the potential downsides of dairy products. Monitoring your bird’s droppings and watching for signs of GI upset after eating cheese can help determine tolerance levels. When in doubt, avoid cheese and stick with fruits, veggies, bird pellets and other more natural food sources for your feathered friends.