Among the wide diversity of small songbirds called finches, some of the most eye-catching species feature bold plumage patterns combining striking black and orange colors. Typically the orange hue appears on the bird’s head, breast or wings while the rest displays darker blackish feathering. When these high-contrast finches visit backyard feeders and gardens, their vibrant colors cannot be missed. Read on to discover some of the most notable finch species recognized by black and orange coloration.
The bright yellow plumaged American Goldfinch transitions in late summer molts to more subtle olive-yellow females and males sporting darker black wings and tails with brilliant orange on the face. Watch for:
Black Hoods and Wings
Males’ jet black foreheads, throats and bib contrast strongly with warm tangerine cheeks and crowns. Black heavily streaks their wings and tails.
Highly social American Goldfinches travel in busy flocks between thistle and nyjer seed finch feeders from late summer through early spring when not nesting seasonally.
Weighing just 0.4 ounces on average and measuring only 5 inches long, American Goldfinches are petite acrobatic feeders recognizable by small round bodies, short notched tails and cone-shaped beaks perfect for crushing seeds.
Belonging to the widowbird and bishop family under Estrildid finches, the bright Orange Bishop displays even more intense black and burnt orange coloration during breeding seasons thanks to:
Vibrant Orange Plumage
Males don orange feathers covering most of the head, chin, throat, breast and belly, leaving just black upper wing coverts, retrices and rectrices contrasting boldly.
Range and Habitat
Native to sub-Saharan Africa, Orange Bishops favor grasslands and savannas more than backyard feeders, especially within their southern Africa range. But as increasingly popular exotic pets, aviary-kept bishops give bird enthusiasts local opportunities to admire their spectacular colors.
Bolder Breeding Displays
When seeking mates, male Orange Bishops intensify their visible colors even further, setting off their brightness amid dry grass surroundings to attract females nesting in seasonal colonies.
Spotting a small gregarious finch decked out dramatically in black and orange most likely signals sighting the familiar American Goldfinch frequenting backyard feeders, but exotic pet owners may occasionally glimpse bolder colored captive Orange Bishops as well if lucky!
Similar Black & Orange Finch Species
|Small yellow/olive-green females; black wings
|Most of North America
|Vibrant orange head through breast
|Native to Africa; exotic pet trade
|Larger size; thick conical beak
|Western and central North America
|Dark lores meeting throat bib; irruption migrant
|Northern reaches of North America
Table: Summary of SImilar Black and Orange Colored Finch Species, Traits and Geographic Ranges
Scanning mixed backyard bird flocks or exotic finch aviaries may occasionally reveal small active birds displaying unusually vibrant black and orange plumage patterns. Typically the brighter orange colors concentrate around the head or upper breast while black contrastingly blankets the wings, back and tail. Getting to know showy species like the American Goldfinch, Abyssinian Citril Finches and Orange Bishop can help bird lovers swiftly identify these special standouts when spotted by their distinctly recognizable colorful feathering.
Frequently Asked Questions
What types of finches have orange feathers?
Some finch species featuring orange feathers beyond those already mentioned include the Lady Gouldian Finch, Bully Gouldian Finch, Golden-Breasted and Orange-Breasted Waxbills, African Silverbills, Cut-throats, Carotino Finches and Orange Crowns among other assorted Estrildid and alien exotic true finches.
Where do orange bishop finches live?
Orange Bishop finches reside primarily across southern Africa stretching through South Africa north to Zaire and Tanzania in countries like Angola, Malawi and Mozambique. They tend to occupy open grasslands and savannas rather than forests. Outside of Africa, captive Orange Bishop finshes have also been introduced in areas spanning Puerto Rice to Hawaii.
Why do some black and orange finches have such bright colors?
Vibrant feather colors like sharp black and rich orange help male birds better attract female mates and stand out among their kind when breeding in denser colonies. This leads evolution to naturally select the boldest finch coloration over generations since those individuals better command attention and reproduce most successfully.
What finches have red and black coloration like cardinals?
Finches that share the Northern Cardinal’s handsome black and red plumage specifically include the Scarlet-chested Parrot-finch, African Fire Finch, Black-bellied Seedcracker, Band-tailed Seedeater, Lined Seedeater and Black-throated Cardinal among other Estrildid, tropical tanager and cardinal family finches.